conventional long form: Republic of Cape Verde
conventional short form: Cape Verde
local long form: Republica de Cabo Verde
local short form: Cabo Verde
Cape Verde Population: 472,000 (UN 2004)
Cape Verde Area: 4,033 sq km (1,557 sq miles)
Capital of Cape Verde : Praia
Cape Verde is a former Portuguese colony that is now an independent country. Cape Verde comprises 10 islands and five islets. Situated on the west coast of Africa and just over an hours flying time south of the Canaries, this group of islands has beaches to die for and a burgeoning tourism trade.
The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990.
Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cape Verde's expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.
Cape Verde consists of 17 municipalities:
Cape Verde Government website: www.governo.cv
The international dialling code for Cape Verde is +238.