Taiwan is in eastern Asia. It is an island bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the south-eastern coast of China.
In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, two million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government.
Taiwan's capital is Taipei.
The international dialling code for Taiwan is +886.