Originally settled by Arawak Indians, Curaçao was seized by the Dutch in 1634 along with the neighbouring island of Bonaire.
Its prosperity was restored in the early 20th century with the construction of the Isla Refineria to service the newly discovered Venezuelan oil fields.
In 1954, Curaçao and several other Dutch possessions in the Caraibbean Sea were reorganized as the Netherlands Antilles, part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
In referenda in 2005 and 2009, the citizens of Curaçao voted to become a self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands . The change in status became effective in October of 2010 with the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles.
On a blue field a horizontal yellow band somewhat below the centre divides the flag into proportions of 5:1:2; two five-pointed white stars - the smaller above and to the left of the larger - appear in the canton; the blue of the upper and lower sections symbolizes the sky and sea respectively; yellow represents the sun; the stars symbolize Curacao and its uninhabited smaller sister island of Klein Curacao; the five star points signify the 5 continents from which Curacao's people derive
The international dialling code for Curacao: +599-9