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Estonia Facts

Facts about Estonia



Total Area

total: 45,226 sq km
land: 43,211 sq km
water: 2,015 sq km
note: includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea


1,274,709 (July 2012 est.)


Estonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% (2000 census)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2010 census)


Evangelical Lutheran 13.6%, Orthodox 12.8%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 1.4%, unaffiliated 34.1%, other and unspecified 32%, none 6.1% (2000 census)

Life Expectancy

total population: 73.58 years
male: 68.3 years
female: 79.19 years (2012 est.)

Government Type

parliamentary republic

GDP (per capita)

purchasing power parity - $28.44 billion (2012 est.)

Labour Force
675,900 (2012 est.)

$17.38 billion billion f.o.b. (2012 est.)

$17.87 billion f.o.b. (2012 est.)

Natural Resources
oil shale, peat, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud

Telephones (main lines in use)
471,900 (2011)

Telephones (mobile cellular)
1.863 million (2011)

Internet Service Providers (ISPs)

Internet hosts: 865,494 (2012)
Internet users: 971,700 (2009)

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