Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Deutschland or Bundesrepublik ) is located in the heart of Europe. Germany is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark , and the Baltic Sea, to the south by Austria and Switzerland , to the west by France , Belgium , The Netherlands and Luxembourg and to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic .
Germany is a democratic federal parliamentary nation, made up of 16 federal states ( Länder or, more commonly, Bundesländer ), which in certain spheres act independently of the Federation.
The capital of Germany is Berlin .
conventional long form: Federal Republic of Germany
conventional short form: Germany
local long form: Bundesrepublik Deutschland
local short form: Deutschland
former: German Empire, German Republic, German Reich