Essen, NW

City of Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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City of Essen, Germany

Essen is a city in the central part of the Ruhr Area in NorthRhine-Westphalia, Germany. For the year 2010, Essen is the European Capital ofCulture on behalf of the whole Ruhr Area.Together with the neighbouring city of Mülheim an der Ruhr and the state ofNorth Rhine-Westphalia, Essen maintains Essen/Mülheim Airport. It was heavilydamaged during the war, yet partly reconstructed and used by the Allies as arepairing airport since the view is less often obscured there than at DüsseldorfAirport. Essen/Mülheim nowadays mainly serves occasional air traffic, the baseof a fleet of airships and Germany's oldest public flight training company.

The city's fair grounds, Messe Essen, host some 50 trade fairs each year. Witharound 530,000 visitors each year, Essen Motor Show, the top international cartuning fair, is by far the largest event held there.
The former church of Essen Abbey and nowadays seat of the Bishop ofEssen is a Gothic hall church made from light sandstone. The first church on thepremises dates back to between 845 and 870; the current church was constructedafter a former church had burnt down in 1275. However, the important westworkand crypt have survived from Ottonian times. The cathedral is located right inthe centre of the city, which evolved around it. It is not spectacular inappearance and the adjacent church St. Johann Baptist, is often mistakenlyreferred to as the cathedral. The cathedral treasury, however, ranks amongst themost important in Germany since only few art works have been lost over thecenturies.

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10/03/2020Tag der Deutschen Einheit
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