Stuttgart is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern
Stuttgart is spread across a variety of hills, valleys and parks, which is unusual for a German city. Stuttgart is served by Stuttgart Airport, an International airport and Germany's only city airport with one runway. At the centre of Stuttgart lies its main square, Schlossplatz. As well as being the largest square in Stuttgart, it stands at the crossover point between the city's shopping area, Schlossgarten park which runs down to the river Neckar, Stuttgart's two central castles and major museums and residential areas to the south west. Königstraße, Stuttgart's most important shopping street which runs along the north western edge of Schlossplatz, claims to be the longest pedestrianised street in Germany.
Although the city centre was heavily damaged during World War II, many historic buildings have been reconstructed and the city boasts some fine pieces of modern post-war architecture. Stuttgart is known for its rich cultural heritage, in particular its State Theatre (Staatstheater) and State Gallery (Staatsgalerie). The Staatstheater is home to the State opera and three smaller theatres and it regularly stages opera, ballet and theatre productions as well as concerts.
Museums in the city include the Old State Gallery, which holds art dating from the 14th to 19th century and next door to the Old State Gallery is the New State Gallery (1980) with its controversial modern architecture.
Stuttgart is still one of Germany's largest wine-growing cities with more than 400 hectares of vine area, thanks in main to its location at the centre of Germany's fourth largest wine region.