301,230 sq km
land: 294,020 sq km
water: 7,210 sq km
note: includes Sardinia and Sicily
61,261,254 (July 2012 est.)
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area).
English is widely understood in tourist areas
age 15 and over can read and
total population: 98.4%
female: 98% (2001 census)
Italy is predominately Roman Catholic with mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community
male: 79.24 years
female: 84.63 years (2012 est.)
Euro (EUR) note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries . See Euro for currency conversion.