Because of its position on the south-eastern portion of the
European continent, the
that is transitional between temperate
and continental. Romania climatic conditions are somewhat modified by the country's
varied relief. The Carpathians serve as a barrier to Atlantic air masses,
restricting their oceanic influences to the west and centre of the country,
where they make for milder winters and heavier rainfall.
The mountains also
block the continental influences of the vast plain to the north in Russia, which bring frosty winters and less rain to the south and southeast.
In the extreme SE of Romania, Mediterranean influences offer a milder, maritime
climate. The average annual temperature in Romania is 11°C / 51.8°F in the south and 8°C /
46.4°F in the north.
In Bucharest, the temperature ranges -3°C / 26.6°F in
January and 23°C / 73.4°F in July. Rainfall, although adequate throughout the
country, decreases from west to east and from mountains to plains.
mountainous areas receive more than 1,010 millimetres of precipitation each
year. Annual Romanian precipitation averages about 635 millimetres in central
Transylvania, 521 millimetres at
in Moldavia, and only 381 millimetres at
on the Black Sea.