The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland) is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands that is formed by the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. (Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden ).
In many countries, The Netherlands is often referred to as "Holland". This usage is technically incorrect, as "Holland" is actually a region in the central-western part of The Netherlands, divided into two provinces.
The Netherlands is one of the most densely populated and geographically low-lying countries in the world (its name literally means "Low-lands") and is famous for its dikes, windmills, wooden shoes, tulips, bicycles and social tolerance.
The country is host to the International Court of Justice; Amsterdam is the official capital as stated by the constitution, but The Hague ( Den Haag ) is the seat of government, the home of the monarch and the location for most foreign embassies.
conventional long form: Kingdom of the Netherlands
conventional short form: Netherlands
local long form: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
local short form: Nederland