Turkey Facts

Facts about Turkey

Capital of Turkey


Total Area of Turkey

total: 780,580 sq km
land: 770,760 sq km
water: 9,820 sq km 

Population of Turkey

79,749,461 (July 2012 est.)

Languages of Turkey

Turkish (official), Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek

Literacy in Turkey

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.4%
male: 95.3%
female: 79.6% (2004 est.)

Religions in Turkey

Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Life Expectancy in Turkey

total population: 72.77 years
male: 70.86 years
female: 74.78 years (2012 est.)

Government Type of Turkey

republican parliamentary democracy

Currency in Turkey

Turkish lira (TRL), New Turkish lira (YTL) after 1 January 2005

GDP (per capita) in Turkey

purchasing power parity - $1.125 trillion (2012 est.)

Labour Force in Turkey
27.11 million
note: about 1.2 million Turks work abroad (2012 est.)

Exports from Turkey
$154.2 billion f.o.b. (2012 est.)

Imports to Turkey
$225.6 billion billion f.o.b. (2012 est.)

Natural Resources of Turkey
coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower

Telephones in Turkey (main lines in use)
15.211 million (2011)

Telephones in Turkey (mobile / cellular)
65.322 million (2011)

Internet Service Providers in Turkey (ISPs)

Internet hosts: 7.093 million (2012)
Internet users: 27.233 million (2009)

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