East Sussex is a county in South East England. It is bordered by the counties of Kent, Surrey and West Sussex, and to the south by the English Channel. The ancient kingdom of Sussex has had separate county administrations since the 12th century, with the county town of the eastern division being Lewes.
East Sussex County Council was established in 1889 by the Local Government Act of 1888. Originally East Sussex included East Grinstead, Burgess Hill and Cuckfield, although Brighton and Hastings were independent County Boroughs. On 1 April 1911 Eastbourne also became an independent County Borough.
The Local Government Act 1972 caused further changes. Brighton, Eastbourne and Hastings lost their independent status and became part of East Sussex. More changes came in the 1990s, following a review of local government in 1993/94. On 1 April 1997 Brighton & Hove Borough Councils were merged to form Brighton & Hove City Council, which took over the county council’s responsibilities for the Brighton & Hove area. Currently East Sussex contains the boroughs of Eastbourne and Hastings and the districts of Lewes, Wealden and Rother. The city of Brighton & Hove is considered part of East Sussex for ceremonial purposes and postal addresses only.