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Trafalgar Square

London WC2

Trafalgar Square, London WC2

Trafalgar Square is London's principal venue for rallies and outdoor public meetings and is also a very popular location to celebrate New Year's Eve.

Trafalgar Square was built in honour of Admiral Lord Nelson after his victory in 1805 at the Battle of Trafalgar.  Britain's most famous sea Lord, Nelson died in this famous battle against Napoleon.

Trafalgar Square was designed by John Nash and constructed in the 1830s, on the site that was originally the mews for royal hawks and then royal stables.

Dominating the square is the 171 feet column, Nelson's Column , with its 18 feet statue of Nelson on top.  At the base of Nelson's Column are friezes cast from metal from French and Spanish cannon captured at the Battle of Trafalgar.

Before the statue of Nelson was installed 14 stonemasons held a dinner on the flat top of the column.

Although Nelson's Column was erected in 1843, the four bronze lions guarding the base, by Edwin Lanseer, were not added until 1868.


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