All Russian cities' time zones are specified relative to Moscow Time.
Current time in Moscow Time Zone (Russia)
Moscow Standard Time Zone is 3 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time(GMT) . The offset is therefore GMT+3 .
Russia Standard Time Zones
There are 11 time zones in Russia, as follows:
|TZ abbr||Russian cities||Standard||Area|
|USZ1||Kaliningrad Time||GMT+2||Kaliningrad Oblast|
|MSK||Moscow Time||GMT+3||Most of European Russia|
|SAMT||Samara Time||GMT+4||Samara Oblast and Udmurtia|
|YEKT||Yekaterinburg Time||GMT+5||Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khantia-Mansia, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tyumen Oblast, and Yamalia|
|OMST||Omsk Time||GMT+6||Altai Krai, Altai Republic, Novosibirsk Oblast, Omsk Oblast and Tomsk Oblast|
|KRAT||Krasnoyarsk Time||GMT+7||Kemerovo Oblast, Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai and Tuva|
|IRKT||Irkutsk Time||GMT+8||Buryatia and Irkutsk Oblast|
|YAKT||Yakutsk Time||GMT+9||Amur Oblast, western Sakha Republic and Zabaykalsky Krai|
|VLAT||Vladivostok Time||GMT+10||The Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, central Sakha Republic and Sakhalin Island|
|MAGT||Magadan Time||GMT+11||Abyysky, Allaikhovsky, Momsky, Nizhnekolymsky, Severo-Kurilsky, Srednekolymsky and Verkhnekolymsky Districts|
|PETT||Kamchatka Time||GMT+12||Kamchatka Krai|
The only federal subjects to be in more than one time zone are the Sakha Republic, which is separated into areas which observe the Yakutsk, Vladivostok and Magadan time zones, and Sakhalin Oblast, which is in the Vladivostok (Sakhalin Island) and Magadan time zones (Kuril Islands).
Giving Up Daylight Saving Time
On 26 October 2014, all Russian Time Zones moved their clocks 1 hour back to permanent Standard Time (winter time). From that point onwards Russians remained on standard time and no longer set their clocks forward.
There was as well an introduction of two new time zones for some regions of Russia that preferred to stay permanently on summer time. This change increased the number of time zones in Russia to 11 from 9.
The changes ended former President Dmitry Medvedev's move to eliminate "winter time" in 2011 and to reduce the number of time zones in Russia.
For a few special changes, please see below:
- Volgograd Oblast moved from GMT+4 back to GMT+3 (Moscow Time)).
- Udmurtia and Samara Oblast remained on GMT+04:00, (thus reinstating Samara Time, MSK+1)
- Kemerovo Oblast remained on GMT+07:00 (went from Omsk to Krasnoyarsk Time)
- Zabaykalsky Krai moved back two hours to GMT+08:00 (went from Yakutsk to Irkutsk Time)
- Magadan Oblast moved back two hours to GMT+10:00 (went from Magadan Time, MSK+8 to Vladivostok Time, MSK+7)
- Chukotka Autonomous Okrug and Kamchatka Krai remained on GMT+12:00 (thus reinstating Kamchatka Time, MSK+9)
- Between 2014 and 2016 there were parts of the Magadan time zone that remained on MSK+8. They were given a new time zone name, Srednekolymsk Time, GMT+11. After 2016, the MSK+8 time zone was again named Magadan (MAGT).
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