Mato Grosso do Sul is one of the states of Brazil. NeighbouringBrazilian states are (from north clockwise) Mato Grosso , Goiás , Minas Gerais , São Paulo and Paraná . It also borders the countries of Paraguay andBolivia to the west. #11 on map.
The economy of the state is largely based on agriculture and cattle-raising.Bisected in the south by the Tropic of Capricorn, Mato Grosso do Sul generallyhas a warm and humid climate, and is crossed by numerous affluents of the ParanaRiver. The state is also famous for its natural beauty and is a majordestination for domestic and international tourism. The Pantanal lowlands cover12 municipalities and presents an enormous variety of flora and fauna, withforests, natural sand banks, savannahs, open pasture, fields and bushes.
The city Bonito, in the mountain of Bodoquena, has prehistoric caverns,natural rivers, waterfalls, swimming pools and the Blue Lake cavern. The name"Mato Grosso do Sul" literally means "Thick Forest of the South" in Portuguese,a name inherited from its northern neighbour state of Mato Grosso, of which itwas part until the 1970s. It is not uncommon for people to mistakenly refer toMato Grosso do Sul as simply "Mato Grosso". Other names that were proposed, atthe time of the split and afterwards, include "Pantanal" (a reference to itsbest known geographical feature) and "Maracaju" (a reference to the Maracajumountain range that crosses the state from north to south).
Official state website: www.ms.gov.br (Portuguese)