Bowling Green, the seat of Warren county, is located on the Barren River.
Covington, one of the seats of Kenton county, is located at the confluence of the Ohio and Licking rivers.
Elizabethtown, the seat of Hardin county, was founded in 1795 and named for the wife of Colonel Andrew Hynes.
Frankfort is both the seat of Franklin county and of the state government.
Henderson, the seat of Henderson county, was settled in the late eighteenth century as Red Banks.
Hopkinsville, the seat of Christian county, was founded about 1796 and was first known as Christian Court House and Elizabeth.
Jackson, the seat of Breathitt county, is on the North Fork of the Kentucky River.
Lexington, the seat of Fayette county, was named in 1775 for the Battle of Lexington (Massachusetts) by explorers camped at McConnell Springs.
Louisville, the seat of Jefferson county, is located on the Ohio River at the Falls of the Ohio. It was founded in 1778 by George Rogers Clark.
Morehead, the seat of Rowan county, is located on Triplett Creek.
Murray, the seat of Calloway county, is located near the center of the county on US 641 and KY 94.
Newport, one of the seats of Campbell county, is located near the confluence of the Ohio and Licking rivers.
Owensboro, the seat of Daviess county, was laid out in 1816 and named for Colonel Abraham Owen.
Paducah, the seat of McCracken county, is on the Ohio River below the mouth of the Tennessee River.
Pikeville, the seat of Pike county, was founded in 1823 on the Levisa Fork of the Big Sandy River and was named, like the county, for General Zebulon Pike.
Richmond, the seat of Madison county, was settled in 1785 and the town was established in 1795 as the new county seat, replacing Milford.