São Paulo (Portuguese for Saint Paul) is the capital of the state of São Paulo in south-eastern Brazil. It is located at 23° 32′ 36″ S, 46° 37′ 59″ W, 400 km (250 miles) from Rio de Janeiro, and 1030 km (640 miles) from federal capital Brasília. The city has an area of 1,575 square kilometres (575 sq miles).
About 18 million people live in the São Paulo metropolitan area — defined by Brazilian norms, which is currently ranked as the fourth-largest in the world and by far the largest in the Southern Hemisphere. If using international norms for metropolitan area, and adjoining metropolitan regions Campinas and Baixada Santista are included, the population encompasses around 24 million, without even including major satellite cities like Sorocaba and São José dos Campos.
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