The site of advanced indigenous civilizations, Mexico came under Spanish rule for three centuries before achieving independence early in the 19th century.
It is situated in North America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the USA and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the USA.
Mexico has five time zones, click here for the comprehensive list.
Mexican Central Time = GMT-6
Geographic coordinates: 23 00 N, 102 00 W
Borders: Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, US 3,141 km
Climate: varies from tropical to desert
Population: 107,449,525 (July 2006 est.)
Nationality: noun: Mexican(s) adjective: Mexican
Languages: Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages
Capital: Mexico (Distrito Federal)
Administrative divisions: 31 states (estados, singular - estado) and 1 federal district* (distrito federal); Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Colima, Distrito Federal*, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro de Arteaga, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz-Llave, Yucatan, Zacatecas
Independence: 16 September 1810 (from Spain)
National holiday: Independence Day, 16 September (1810)
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